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Kobold Hut

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Kobold Hut

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They hide things, push people over when they bend to pick something up, and make noise at night to keep people awake. Folktales tell of people trying to rid themselves of mischievous kobolds.

In one tale, a man with a kobold-haunted barn puts all the straw onto a cart, burns the barn down, and sets off to start anew.

As he rides away, he looks back and sees the kobold sitting behind him. He sees the kobold preparing to move too and realises that he cannot rid himself of the creature.

Nevertheless, the invisible kobold travelled along with them as a white feather, which they discovered when they stayed at an inn.

Why do you retire from me? I can easily follow you anywhere, and be where you are. It is much better for you to return to your own estate, and not be quitting it on my account.

You see well that if I wished it I could take away all you have, but I am not inclined to do so. Exorcism by a Christian priest works in some tales; the bishop of Hildesheim managed to exorcise Hödekin from the castle.

Medieval European miners believed in underground spirits. The kobold filled this role in German folklore and is similar to other creatures of the type, such as the English bluecap , Cornish knocker and the Welsh coblynau.

Stories of subterranean kobolds were common in Germany by the 16th century. Superstitious miners believed the creatures to be expert miners and metalworkers who could be heard constantly drilling, hammering, and shoveling.

Some stories claim that the kobolds live in the rock, just as human beings live in the air. Legends often paint underground kobolds as evil creatures.

In medieval mining towns, people prayed for protection from them. For example, 16th-century miners sometimes encountered what looked to be rich veins of copper or silver, but which, when smelted, proved to be little more than a pollutant and could even be poisonous.

Tales from other parts of Germany make mine kobolds beneficial creatures, at least if they are treated respectfully.

They interpreted such noises as warnings from the kobolds to not go in that direction. In these depictions, they are content to simply mine ore themselves, collect it, and haul it away by windlass.

The Klabautermann also spelt Klaboterman and Klabotermann is a creature from the beliefs of fishermen and sailors of Germany's north coast, the Netherlands, and the Baltic Sea , and may represent a third type of kobold [52] [] or possibly a different spirit that has merged with kobold traditions.

Belief in the Klabautermann dates to at least the s. It enters the ship via the wood used to build it, and it may appear as a ship's carpenter.

The Klabautermann's benevolent behaviour lasts as long as the crew and captain treat the creature respectfully. A Klabautermann will not leave its ship until it is on the verge of sinking.

To this end, superstitious sailors in the 19th century demanded that others pay the Klabautermann respect.

Ellett has recorded one rumour that a crew even threw its captain overboard for denying the existence of the ship's Klabautermann.

The sight of a Klabautermann is an ill omen, and in the 19th century, it was the most feared sight among sailors.

German writers have long borrowed from German folklore and fairy lore for both poetry and prose. Narrative versions of folktales and fairy tales are common, and kobolds are the subject of several such tales.

Salamander shall kindle, Writhe nymph of the wave, In air sylph shall dwindle, And Kobold shall slave.

Similarly, a kobold is musically depicted in Edvard Grieg 's lyric piece, opus 71, number 3. Likewise, kobold characters such as Pittiplatsch and Pumuckl appear in German popular culture.

Der Kobold , Op. Kobolds also appear in many modern fantasy-themed games, usually as a low-power or low-level enemy.

They exist as a non-playable race in the World of Warcraft video game series, and also feature in tabletop games such as Magic: The Gathering.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the sprite from Germanic folklore. For other uses, see Kobold disambiguation.

Main article: House spirit. European Paganism. Wilson Co. Traditions of Lancashire. Quoted in Hardwick The sources spell the word khobalus.

Brewing in Kent. Angus, Charlie, and Brit Griffin Between the Lines. Arrowsmith, Nancy, and George Moorse A Field Guide to the Little People.

London: Pan Macmillan. Ashliman, D. Fairy Lore: A Handbook. Greenwood Press. Baring-Gould, S. A Book of Folklore. Kessinger Publishing.

Britten, Emma Hardinge []. Bunce, John Thackray []. Fairy Tales: Their Origin and Meaning. Commodity Research Bureau John Wiley and Sons.

Merriam-Webster OnLine. Accessed 10 January Daintith, John Dorson, Richard Mercer Dowden, Ken London: Routledge. Eagleson, Mary Walther de Gruyter.

Ellett, Mrs. January New York: George H. London: Thomas Tegg. Gaultier, Bon Gostwick, Joseph Edinburgh: William and Robert Chambers.

Grimm, Jacob []. Teutonic Mythology, Part 2. Hardwick, Charles []. Traditions, Superstitions, and Folk-lore. Lancanshire: Ayer Publishing.

Heine, Heinrich, Helen Mustard, trans. New York: Continuum. Accessed 8 November Jameson, Robert Jeffrey, David Lyle, ed. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm.

Eerdmans Publishing Co. Keightley, Thomas London: H. Kirby, David, and Merja-Liisa Hinkkanen The Baltic and the North Seas.

Liddell, Henry George, and Robert Scott Oxford: Clarendon Press. Online version accessed 25 February Lurker, Manfred Lüthi, Max The European Folktale: Form and Nature.

Indianapolis: Indiana University Press. Maclaren, Archibald Moore, Edward , editor Thomas Heywood. The Moore Rental.

Manchester: Charles Simms and Co. Morris, Richard Joseph Henry Press. Rose, Carol New York City: W. Saintine, X. La Mythologie du Rhin.

Paris: Librairie de L. Hachette et Cie. Schrader, Otto []. Scott, Walter Snowe, Joseph London: F. Domestic kobolds are linked to a specific household.

One tradition claims that the kobold enters the household by announcing itself at night by strewing wood chips about the house and putting dirt or cow manure in the milk cans.

If the master of the house leaves the wood chips and drinks the soiled milk, the kobold takes up residence. He must go on St John's Day between noon and one o'clock, into the forest.

When he finds an anthill with a bird on it, he must say a certain phrase, which causes the bird to transform into a small person. The figure then leaps into a bag carried by the homeowner, and he can then transfer the kobold to his home.

House kobolds usually live in the hearth area of a house, [32] although some tales place them in less frequented parts of the home, in the woodhouse, [65] in barns and stables, or in the beer cellar of an inn.

At night, such kobolds do chores that the human occupants neglected to finish before bedtime: [66] They chase away pests, clean the stables, feed and groom the cattle and horses, scrub the dishes and pots, and sweep the kitchen.

A Cologne legend recorded by Keightley claims that bakers in the city in the early 19th century never needed hired help because, each night, the kobolds known as Heinzelmänchen made as much bread as a baker could need.

A kobold can bring wealth to his household in the form of grain and gold. Despite standing only about a foot tall, the creature could carry a load of rye in his mouth for the people with whom he lived and did so daily as long as he received a meal of biscuits and milk.

Kobolds bring good luck and help their hosts as long as the hosts take care of them. The kobold Heinzelmann found things that had been lost.

The man ignored the advice, only to have his gun backfire and shoot off his thumb. Heinzelman appeared to him and said, "See, now, you have got what I warned you of!

If you had refrained from shooting this time, this mischance would not have befallen you. When the bishop acted on the information, he was able to take over the murderer's lands and add them to his bishopric.

In return, the family must leave a portion of their supper or beer, for the biersal - see Hödfellow to the spirit and must treat the kobold with respect, never mocking or laughing at the creature.

A kobold expects to be fed in the same place at the same time each day, [67] or in the case of the Hütchen, once a week and on holidays. He demanded a place at the table and a stall for his horses.

Legends tell of slighted kobolds becoming quite malevolent and vengeful, [66] [67] afflicting errant hosts with supernatural diseases, disfigurements, and injuries.

Heinzelmann threatened him, and the nobleman fled. Hodeken waited for the servant to go to sleep and then strangled him, tore him limb from limb, and threw him in a pot over the fire.

The cook chastised the spirit for this behaviour, so Hodeken threw him over the drawbridge into the moat. Archibald Maclaren has attributed kobold behaviour to the virtue of the homeowners; a virtuous house has a productive and helpful kobold; a vice-filled one has a malicious and mischievous pest.

If the hosts give up those things to which the kobold objects, the spirit ceases its annoying behaviour. The student who had left the meal alone felt the kobold's touch as "gentle and soothing", but the one who had eaten its food felt that "the fingers of the hand were pointed with poisoned arrowheads, or fanged with fire.

They hide things, push people over when they bend to pick something up, and make noise at night to keep people awake.

Folktales tell of people trying to rid themselves of mischievous kobolds. In one tale, a man with a kobold-haunted barn puts all the straw onto a cart, burns the barn down, and sets off to start anew.

As he rides away, he looks back and sees the kobold sitting behind him. He sees the kobold preparing to move too and realises that he cannot rid himself of the creature.

Nevertheless, the invisible kobold travelled along with them as a white feather, which they discovered when they stayed at an inn. Why do you retire from me?

I can easily follow you anywhere, and be where you are. It is much better for you to return to your own estate, and not be quitting it on my account.

You see well that if I wished it I could take away all you have, but I am not inclined to do so. Exorcism by a Christian priest works in some tales; the bishop of Hildesheim managed to exorcise Hödekin from the castle.

Medieval European miners believed in underground spirits. The kobold filled this role in German folklore and is similar to other creatures of the type, such as the English bluecap , Cornish knocker and the Welsh coblynau.

Stories of subterranean kobolds were common in Germany by the 16th century. Superstitious miners believed the creatures to be expert miners and metalworkers who could be heard constantly drilling, hammering, and shoveling.

Some stories claim that the kobolds live in the rock, just as human beings live in the air. Legends often paint underground kobolds as evil creatures.

In medieval mining towns, people prayed for protection from them. For example, 16th-century miners sometimes encountered what looked to be rich veins of copper or silver, but which, when smelted, proved to be little more than a pollutant and could even be poisonous.

Tales from other parts of Germany make mine kobolds beneficial creatures, at least if they are treated respectfully. They interpreted such noises as warnings from the kobolds to not go in that direction.

In these depictions, they are content to simply mine ore themselves, collect it, and haul it away by windlass. The Klabautermann also spelt Klaboterman and Klabotermann is a creature from the beliefs of fishermen and sailors of Germany's north coast, the Netherlands, and the Baltic Sea , and may represent a third type of kobold [52] [] or possibly a different spirit that has merged with kobold traditions.

Belief in the Klabautermann dates to at least the s. It enters the ship via the wood used to build it, and it may appear as a ship's carpenter.

The Klabautermann's benevolent behaviour lasts as long as the crew and captain treat the creature respectfully.

A Klabautermann will not leave its ship until it is on the verge of sinking. To this end, superstitious sailors in the 19th century demanded that others pay the Klabautermann respect.

Ellett has recorded one rumour that a crew even threw its captain overboard for denying the existence of the ship's Klabautermann.

The sight of a Klabautermann is an ill omen, and in the 19th century, it was the most feared sight among sailors. German writers have long borrowed from German folklore and fairy lore for both poetry and prose.

Narrative versions of folktales and fairy tales are common, and kobolds are the subject of several such tales. Salamander shall kindle, Writhe nymph of the wave, In air sylph shall dwindle, And Kobold shall slave.

Similarly, a kobold is musically depicted in Edvard Grieg 's lyric piece, opus 71, number 3. Likewise, kobold characters such as Pittiplatsch and Pumuckl appear in German popular culture.

Der Kobold , Op. Kobolds also appear as a non playable race in the World of Warcraft video game series. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the sprite from Germanic folklore. For other uses, see Kobold disambiguation.

Main article: House spirit. European Paganism. Wilson Co. Traditions of Lancashire. Quoted in Hardwick The sources spell the word khobalus.

Brewing in Kent. London: Pan Macmillan. Ashliman, D. Fairy Lore: A Handbook. Greenwood Press. Baring-Gould, S. A Book of Folklore.

Kessinger Publishing. Door de inzet van verschillenden gestandaardiseerde uitgangsignalen kunnen onze sensoren snel en eenvoudig breed worden ingezet.

Dankzij de inzet van standaard bus-systemen zijn onze sensoren eenvoudig te integreren in bestaande systemen. Wij bieden u een compleet pakket aan sensoren aan.

Hierdoor is nagenoeg ieder proces met ons programma te automatiseren. Onze kennis binnen de industriele markt levert u niet alleen een grote keuze aan stationaire sensoren op.

Kobold heeft voor u ook een programma hand-held instrumenten welke flexibel kunnen worden toegepast. Kenmerk van deze instrumenten is de hoge kwaliteit op gebied van gebruik en meetnauwkeurigheid.

De sensoren kenmerken zich door de modulaire opbouw. Hierdoor ontstaat er voor u een hoge mate van keuzemogelijkheden. Om het debiet in industriele installaties te meten of te controleren heeft Kobold voor u een scala aan doorstroommeters en doorstroomschakelaars ter beschikking.

Door de brede materiaalkeuze en vele uitvoeringen is er voor een breed spectrum aan toepassingen een oplossing leverbaar.

Door het toepassen van bijna alle meetprincipes zijn de sensoren toepasbaar in vele soorten vloeistof en gas. Voor iedere applicatie hebben wij voor u een oplossing in huis.

Kobold heeft een goede naam in het fabriceren van druksensoren. In het bewaken en meten van druk is Kobold specialist.

Met de drukschakelaars van Kobold kunt u betrouwbaar en veilig een druk bewaken. Met de druktransmitters bent u in staat om een druk in een proces nauwkeurig te regelen.

Harry Potter Kostüme. Faschingskostüme Herren. Top trends. Artikelnummer: 3NKS. Anzahl: In den Warenkorb.

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Kobold - The Cave of the Lost Talisman † HDK 02 (2017) (Dungeons \u0026 Dragons Inspired, Dungeon Synth) Compacte Gute Handy Games KME. Saintinekobolds are the spirits of dead children and often appear with a knife that represents the means by which they were put to death. The kobold filled this role in German Casino Games Online Gratis and is similar to other creatures of the type, such as the English bluecapCornish knocker and the Welsh coblynau. Wilson Co. Bunce, John Thackray []. Undeterred, the maid William Hill Ltd, and the kobold tells her to meet him later—and to bring along a pail of cold water. One example, known Echtes Geld Gewinnen Im Casino the monolokewas made from white wax and wore a blue shirt and black velvet vest.

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Exorcism by a Christian priest works in some tales; the bishop of Hildesheim managed to exorcise Hödekin from the castle. Medieval European miners believed in underground spirits.

The kobold filled this role in German folklore and is similar to other creatures of the type, such as the English bluecap , Cornish knocker and the Welsh coblynau.

Stories of subterranean kobolds were common in Germany by the 16th century. Superstitious miners believed the creatures to be expert miners and metalworkers who could be heard constantly drilling, hammering, and shoveling.

Some stories claim that the kobolds live in the rock, just as human beings live in the air. Legends often paint underground kobolds as evil creatures.

In medieval mining towns, people prayed for protection from them. For example, 16th-century miners sometimes encountered what looked to be rich veins of copper or silver, but which, when smelted, proved to be little more than a pollutant and could even be poisonous.

Tales from other parts of Germany make mine kobolds beneficial creatures, at least if they are treated respectfully. They interpreted such noises as warnings from the kobolds to not go in that direction.

In these depictions, they are content to simply mine ore themselves, collect it, and haul it away by windlass. The Klabautermann also spelt Klaboterman and Klabotermann is a creature from the beliefs of fishermen and sailors of Germany's north coast, the Netherlands, and the Baltic Sea , and may represent a third type of kobold [52] [] or possibly a different spirit that has merged with kobold traditions.

Belief in the Klabautermann dates to at least the s. It enters the ship via the wood used to build it, and it may appear as a ship's carpenter.

The Klabautermann's benevolent behaviour lasts as long as the crew and captain treat the creature respectfully. A Klabautermann will not leave its ship until it is on the verge of sinking.

To this end, superstitious sailors in the 19th century demanded that others pay the Klabautermann respect. Ellett has recorded one rumour that a crew even threw its captain overboard for denying the existence of the ship's Klabautermann.

The sight of a Klabautermann is an ill omen, and in the 19th century, it was the most feared sight among sailors. German writers have long borrowed from German folklore and fairy lore for both poetry and prose.

Narrative versions of folktales and fairy tales are common, and kobolds are the subject of several such tales. Salamander shall kindle, Writhe nymph of the wave, In air sylph shall dwindle, And Kobold shall slave.

Similarly, a kobold is musically depicted in Edvard Grieg 's lyric piece, opus 71, number 3. Likewise, kobold characters such as Pittiplatsch and Pumuckl appear in German popular culture.

Der Kobold , Op. Kobolds also appear in many modern fantasy-themed games, usually as a low-power or low-level enemy.

They exist as a non-playable race in the World of Warcraft video game series, and also feature in tabletop games such as Magic: The Gathering.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the sprite from Germanic folklore. For other uses, see Kobold disambiguation.

Main article: House spirit. European Paganism. Wilson Co. Traditions of Lancashire. Quoted in Hardwick The sources spell the word khobalus.

Brewing in Kent. Angus, Charlie, and Brit Griffin Between the Lines. Arrowsmith, Nancy, and George Moorse A Field Guide to the Little People.

London: Pan Macmillan. Ashliman, D. Fairy Lore: A Handbook. Greenwood Press. Baring-Gould, S. A Book of Folklore. Kessinger Publishing.

Britten, Emma Hardinge []. Bunce, John Thackray []. Fairy Tales: Their Origin and Meaning. Commodity Research Bureau John Wiley and Sons.

Merriam-Webster OnLine. Accessed 10 January Daintith, John Dorson, Richard Mercer Dowden, Ken London: Routledge.

Eagleson, Mary Walther de Gruyter. Ellett, Mrs. January New York: George H. London: Thomas Tegg. Gaultier, Bon Gostwick, Joseph Edinburgh: William and Robert Chambers.

Grimm, Jacob []. Teutonic Mythology, Part 2. Hardwick, Charles []. Traditions, Superstitions, and Folk-lore. Lancanshire: Ayer Publishing.

Heine, Heinrich, Helen Mustard, trans. New York: Continuum. Accessed 8 November Jameson, Robert Jeffrey, David Lyle, ed. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm.

Eerdmans Publishing Co. Keightley, Thomas London: H. Kirby, David, and Merja-Liisa Hinkkanen The Baltic and the North Seas.

Liddell, Henry George, and Robert Scott Oxford: Clarendon Press. Online version accessed 25 February Lurker, Manfred Lüthi, Max The European Folktale: Form and Nature.

Indianapolis: Indiana University Press. Maclaren, Archibald Moore, Edward , editor Thomas Heywood. The Moore Rental.

Manchester: Charles Simms and Co. Morris, Richard Joseph Henry Press. Rose, Carol New York City: W. Saintine, X. La Mythologie du Rhin.

Paris: Librairie de L. Hachette et Cie. Schrader, Otto []. Scott, Walter Snowe, Joseph London: F. Westley and J.

Thorpe, Benjamin London: Edward Lumley. Weeks, Mary Elvira []. Wexler, Paul Walter de Gruyter. Celebi Jigglypuff Weezing Mimikyu Mr. Fairy-like beings in folklore.

See also Category List of beings referred to as fairies. Fantasy fiction. Patricks-Day sowie zum Weihnachtsfest treiben.

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Kobold fabriceert zelf Manometers. Door hoge kwaliteit van Kobold manometers gekoppeld aan de mogelijkheid om ook hier scheidingsmembranen toe te passen vindt u onze manometers in de zwaarste applicaties.

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Ovaalrad-doorstroommeter DON Firma wereldwijd. Kobolds are spirits and, as such, part of a spiritual realm. However, as with other European spirits, they often dwell among the living.

Many of these names are modifications of common German given names, such as Heinrich abbreviated to Heinze , Joachim, and Walther. Kobolds may manifest as animals, fire, human beings, and objects.

A tale from the Altmark , recorded by Anglo-Saxon scholar Benjamin Thorpe in , describes the kobold as "a fiery stripe with a broad head, which he usually shakes from one side to the other Kobolds who live in human homes are generally depicted as humanlike, dressed as peasants, and standing about as tall as a four-year-old child.

According to dramatist and novelist X. Saintine , kobolds are the spirits of dead children and often appear with a knife that represents the means by which they were put to death.

Legends variously describe mine kobolds as 0. We were about to sit down to tea when Mdlle. Gronin called our attention to the steady light, round, and about the size of a cheese plate, which appeared suddenly on the wall of the little garden directly opposite the door of the hut in which we sat.

Before any of us could rise to examine it, four more lights appeared almost simultaneously, about the same shape, and varying only in size.

Surrounding each one was the dim outline of a small human figure, black and grotesque, more like a little image carved out of black shining wood, than anything else I can liken them to.

Dorothea kissed her hands to these dreadful little shapes, and Michael bowed with great reverence. As for me and my companions, we were so awe-struck yet amused at these comical shapes, that we could not move or speak until they themselves seemed to flit about in a sort of wavering dance, and then vanish, one by one.

The same informant claimed to later have seen the kobolds first-hand. She described them as "diminutive black dwarfs about two or three feet in height, and at that part which in the human being is occupied by the heart, they carry the round luminous circle first described, an appearance which is much more frequently seen than the little black men themselves.

Other kobolds appear as animals. Ashliman has reported kobolds appearing as wet cats and hens, [45] and Arrowsmith and Moorse mention kobolds in the shape of bats, cats, roosters, snakes, and worms.

Most often, kobolds remain completely invisible. The kobold's fingers were childlike, and his face was like a skull, without body heat. The kobold refuses, claiming that to look upon him would be terrifying.

Undeterred, the maid insists, and the kobold tells her to meet him later—and to bring along a pail of cold water. The kobold waits for the maid, nude and with a butcher knife in his back.

The maid faints at the sight, and the kobold wakes her with the cold water. For example, Heinzelmann tricked a nobleman into thinking that the kobold was hiding in a jug.

When the nobleman covered the jug's mouth to trap the creature, the kobold chided him:. If I had not heard long ago from other people that you were a fool, I might now have known it of myself, since you thought I was sitting in an empty jug, and went to cover it up with your hand, as if you had me caught.

I don't think you worth the trouble, or I would have given you, long since, such a lesson, that you should remember me long enough.

But before long you will get a slight ducking. When a man threw ashes and tares about to try to see King Goldemar's footprints, the kobold cut him to pieces, put him on a spit, roasted him, boiled his legs and head, and ate him.

In , Keightley noted that the Heinzelmänchen "[had] totally disappeared, as has been everywhere the case, owing to the curiosity of people, which has at all times been the destruction of so much of what was beautiful in the world.

Domestic kobolds are linked to a specific household. One tradition claims that the kobold enters the household by announcing itself at night by strewing wood chips about the house and putting dirt or cow manure in the milk cans.

If the master of the house leaves the wood chips and drinks the soiled milk, the kobold takes up residence. He must go on St John's Day between noon and one o'clock, into the forest.

When he finds an anthill with a bird on it, he must say a certain phrase, which causes the bird to transform into a small person.

The figure then leaps into a bag carried by the homeowner, and he can then transfer the kobold to his home.

House kobolds usually live in the hearth area of a house, [32] although some tales place them in less frequented parts of the home, in the woodhouse, [65] in barns and stables, or in the beer cellar of an inn.

At night, such kobolds do chores that the human occupants neglected to finish before bedtime: [66] They chase away pests, clean the stables, feed and groom the cattle and horses, scrub the dishes and pots, and sweep the kitchen.

A Cologne legend recorded by Keightley claims that bakers in the city in the early 19th century never needed hired help because, each night, the kobolds known as Heinzelmänchen made as much bread as a baker could need.

A kobold can bring wealth to his household in the form of grain and gold. Despite standing only about a foot tall, the creature could carry a load of rye in his mouth for the people with whom he lived and did so daily as long as he received a meal of biscuits and milk.

Kobolds bring good luck and help their hosts as long as the hosts take care of them. The kobold Heinzelmann found things that had been lost.

The man ignored the advice, only to have his gun backfire and shoot off his thumb. Heinzelman appeared to him and said, "See, now, you have got what I warned you of!

If you had refrained from shooting this time, this mischance would not have befallen you. When the bishop acted on the information, he was able to take over the murderer's lands and add them to his bishopric.

In return, the family must leave a portion of their supper or beer, for the biersal - see Hödfellow to the spirit and must treat the kobold with respect, never mocking or laughing at the creature.

A kobold expects to be fed in the same place at the same time each day, [67] or in the case of the Hütchen, once a week and on holidays.

He demanded a place at the table and a stall for his horses. Legends tell of slighted kobolds becoming quite malevolent and vengeful, [66] [67] afflicting errant hosts with supernatural diseases, disfigurements, and injuries.

Heinzelmann threatened him, and the nobleman fled. Hodeken waited for the servant to go to sleep and then strangled him, tore him limb from limb, and threw him in a pot over the fire.

The cook chastised the spirit for this behaviour, so Hodeken threw him over the drawbridge into the moat. Archibald Maclaren has attributed kobold behaviour to the virtue of the homeowners; a virtuous house has a productive and helpful kobold; a vice-filled one has a malicious and mischievous pest.

If the hosts give up those things to which the kobold objects, the spirit ceases its annoying behaviour. The student who had left the meal alone felt the kobold's touch as "gentle and soothing", but the one who had eaten its food felt that "the fingers of the hand were pointed with poisoned arrowheads, or fanged with fire.

They hide things, push people over when they bend to pick something up, and make noise at night to keep people awake. Folktales tell of people trying to rid themselves of mischievous kobolds.

In one tale, a man with a kobold-haunted barn puts all the straw onto a cart, burns the barn down, and sets off to start anew. As he rides away, he looks back and sees the kobold sitting behind him.

He sees the kobold preparing to move too and realises that he cannot rid himself of the creature. Nevertheless, the invisible kobold travelled along with them as a white feather, which they discovered when they stayed at an inn.

Why do you retire from me? I can easily follow you anywhere, and be where you are. It is much better for you to return to your own estate, and not be quitting it on my account.

You see well that if I wished it I could take away all you have, but I am not inclined to do so. Exorcism by a Christian priest works in some tales; the bishop of Hildesheim managed to exorcise Hödekin from the castle.

Medieval European miners believed in underground spirits. The kobold filled this role in German folklore and is similar to other creatures of the type, such as the English bluecap , Cornish knocker and the Welsh coblynau.

Stories of subterranean kobolds were common in Germany by the 16th century. Superstitious miners believed the creatures to be expert miners and metalworkers who could be heard constantly drilling, hammering, and shoveling.

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